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Why do we use biodegradable products?

Today, plastics are utilized practically everywhere and in a wide variety of products, including cutlery, packaging and wrapping materials, bottles, food containers, clothing, wearables, automotive parts, electronics, pencils, and furniture. Due to their adaptability in 3D modeling, durability, and simplicity of use across a range of manufacturing and production processes, they are widely used.

In other words, it is quite challenging to envision a world without plastic.

As a result of the numerous environmental issues that plastics have caused, efforts have been made to develop and use biodegradable plastics.

Biodegradable plastics can naturally break down in the environment. Biodegradable plastics are made of a structure that allows natural microbes to break them down quickly, producing an environmentally friendly final result.

As a result of their hard to dispute environmental advantages over regular plastics, biodegradable plastics are thought to be more environmentally benign than conventional plastics.

This sort of plastic is clearly a better option to reduce environmental pollution, but it still has drawbacks. Here, we examine the creation of biodegradable plastics, as well as its uses, drawbacks, and advantages.

Exactly how are biodegradable plastics produced?

When exposed to ultraviolet light from the sun, enzymes, bacteria, water, or wind abrasion, biodegradable polymers break down or degrade. They are created using organic, natural, or renewable raw resources like orange peels, maize oil, switchgrass, soybeans, microorganisms, starch, or all-natural plant or animal products.

Industrial production of biodegradable plastics is identical to that of conventional plastic, with the exception that biodegradable polymers are made from ingredients that degrade or break down quickly. They are mostly divided into two groups:

1. Bioplastics, which are solely created using natural materials like corn starch. EverCorn and NatureWorks are a couple of products manufactured with corn starch as examples. Because the plants used in their manufacturing already contain the same amount of carbon, they utilize less energy and produce less carbon.

2. Biodegradable polymers, which are derived from conventional petrochemicals but are engineered to degrade more quickly. In the presence of oxygen and light, they have additives that hasten the rate of their decomposition.

Because of its many benefits, the adoption of biodegradable products has been rising. Increased awareness of the use of biodegradable products, such as biodegradable bags, bowls, dinnerware, and cups, is crucial. Here are a few justifications for picking biodegradable products.

Free from Environmental harm

Products manufactured of bioplastic that degrade naturally aid in environmental preservation. Oil molecules are heated and treated during the standard plastics production process to create polymers that are toxic to both humans and animals. Polymers are known to be difficult to break down, therefore when standard plastic bags or products are consumed by animals, they can have negative health effects. Bioplastics are created from renewable resources like plants, which promotes the reduction of petroleum oil use and is safe for both people and animals.

The soil can become fertile through composting of bioplastic products, improving soil fertility. This is due to the fact that natural materials rather than synthetic chemicals are used to make plastic. The materials decompose, enhance the soil's capacity to retain water and nutrients, and support the development of healthier plants without the need of pesticides and chemical fertilizers.

Products made of biodegradable material can be readily thrown away and break down in the soil.


Because they can be recycled, biodegradable items instantly minimize the amount of waste produced and are regarded as environmentally benign. According to a recent survey, plastic accounts for about 13% of our current waste stream, or 32 million tons of rubbish annually. 9% of that total is used in recycling initiatives. The solution to this issue is to use more biodegradable materials.

Recycling also aids in reducing landfill issues. The resulting bio-waste can be composted or used as a renewable energy source for biogas. Since they are made of corn and starch, they are thought to be non-toxic.

Traditional plastics can release methane, hazardous substances, and other forms of contaminants into the environment when they are discarded. These compounds are potentially harmful when they degrade since they can readily impair both marine and terrestrial ecosystems as well as general human health.

For example, bisphenol A, a key ingredient in the creation of plastics, has been linked to endocrine disruption, which is extremely damaging to human reproduction. Traditional plastics also contain other synthetic compounds that have been connected to illnesses like cancer.

By switching to biodegradable plastics, we can reduce the amount of these dangerous items we discharge into the environment and pave the path for future generations to live better, healthier lives.

carbon emissions reduction.

Biodegradable products emit extremely little carbon dioxide when they break down since they are constructed of natural polymers.

The amount of greenhouse gas emissions is reduced when products made of biodegradable plastic are used instead of conventional plastics. According to research from North Carolina State University, plastic products affect landfills because when they are burned, they release an intoxicating greenhouse gas.

A little statistical analysis would show that we use almost 100 million tons of plastic annually. And a stunning 500 million tons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere during the creation of plastic products. If you're curious how much carbon dioxide it is, it is equal to the annual emissions from 19 million vehicles.

A switch to bioplastics can significantly reduce the amount of greenhouse gases released, as a result.

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